Container and Shipment tracking System in India

Challenge & Context

Global trade creates big opportunities and bigger challenges. A streamlined supply chain is vital for a smooth flow of goods. Logistics as a sector plays a critical role in defining the domestic and international competitiveness of any economy.


DMICDC Logistics Data Services Ltd was incorporated on 30th December 2015 as a joint venture company between DMIC Project Implementation Trust Fund (DMIC Trust) & NEC Corporation, Japan with 50% equity from both parties. The LDB Project was conceptualized and is currently being executed with support from various Ministries and Departments of the Government of India. Today, it is one of the most promising container tracking management systems in the market.

Figure 1 — Data Flow
Figure 2 — Performance Benchmarking
  • Basic Search — Generating container information for tracking by users;

How it works

LDB-FIWARE integration is a SaaS over PaaS designed to reduce the latency in reception and processing of data.

  • Wilma authenticates the received Json data;
  • IoT Agent validates the JSON data against the registered data model;
  • Rule Engine enriches the data based on defined pre-conditions and sends the enriched data to Orion context broker;
  • Draco stores the data in a historical database. This database is used by LDB applications for search and tracking of freight containers.
  • Security for devices has been added to offer authentication, authorization in a generic way to leverage any kind of IDM and security abstraction. It also addresses the security issues of devices that may have limited computing power and find it hard to process security logics;
  • Performance improvement from 300–400 transactions per sec to 25+k transaction per second has been achieved. NECTI has achieved this using its own component VDG (Virtual Device Gateway) along with FIWARE components.

Benefits & Impact

LDB Coverage

Figure 3 — Ports in India where LDB is adopted
  1. Improved efficiency of transshipment operations;
  2. Improved stock management;
  3. Reduced logistics costs;
  4. Improved accuracy of production planning;
  5. Reduction in Transit Time by doing congestion analysis, where the exact problem causing area is highlighted;
  6. Shortened logistics lead time;
  7. Improved Dwell Time Performance.
Figure 4 — Footprint Logistics
  1. Robust infrastructure for businesses to increase international competitiveness;
  2. Boosting the manufacturing sector in India, leading to more employment opportunities.
  1. CTO:
    • Aid in better handshaking with other stakeholders;
    • Improvement in the quality of service promoting railways as a faster and cheaper mode of transport.
  2. ICD/CFS:
    • Empty container management;
    • Demand forecasting;
    • Increase in containerized cargo.
  3. NHAI (National Highway Authority of India)
    • Reconciliation of toll collections;
    • Analysis of chokepoints;
    • Better route planning.

Added Value through FIWARE

The first commercial deployment of FIWARE by NECTI was carried out successfully for DMIDC DLDS’s LDB service in the last week of September 2019 with the target to track 1+ million IoT-enabled container entities per month, using the FIWARE platform.

  • Shortest Data Path and real time data processing
    RFID/Container information is captured and processed in real time through the FIWARE subsystem in LDB.
  • Better performance and capability
    Currently, LDB with FIWARE can support ~6 Million transactions per hour (the LDB performance requirement was ~10K transaction per hour peak load).
  • Multiple IoT data format/device protocol support
    With the FIWARE subsystem, LDB can now support multiple IoT data protocols like LWM2M, LoraWaN, UltraLight2.0 (UL) over HTTP /MQTT etc.
  • No Device vendor Lock-in
    With FIWARE, LDB can now support any IoT device which works on standard IoT protocols, as mentioned above, making it easy to integrate devices from other vendors.
Figure 5 — Architecture

Next Steps

In the future, the focus will also include LDB’s contribution to the Logistics Performance Index (LPI). “Track and Trace” is one of the six parameters of LPI and significantly influences the “Trading across borders” parameter of Ease of Doing Business (EoDB) Index. With seamless, single-window tracking of the EXIM containers, LDB is contributing immensely to India’s improved ranking.

Figure 6 — Architecture in the future


Author & Contributors


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